Controlling or reducing flood risk is carried out by implementing so-called flood protection measures, which are roughly divided into non-structural and structural flood protection measures.
Non-structural measures include, for example, forecasting of floods; structural measures include, for example, the construction of high-water embankments or high-water containers. Flood protection measures are being implemented by various competent institutions, most of them public sector bodies (state administration bodies, local communities, etc.). In Slovenia, the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning, the Slovenian Environmental Agency, the Slovenian Water Agency and the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief are responsible for implementing most of the flood protection measures at the state level. In Croatia, Hrvatske vode, the Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service and the National Protection and Rescue Directorate are responsible for implementing most of the flood protection measures.
In Slovenia, a set (or catalogue) of 20 types of flood protection measures was prepared a few years ago which reduce flood risks and prevent the emergence of new or additional flood risks:
TABLE: Set of 20 types of flood protection measures (Slovenia).